According to a study from Netherlands, "This study investigated the adverse effects of exposure to inmate or peer aggression, type D-personality and their interactions on Post-traumatic stress reactions among a sample of prison workers. The basic tenet of type D-personality is that not so much the experience of negative emotions per se is responsible for negative health consequences, but rather the way individuals cope with such emotions."
"Many studies have revealed diverse adverse health outcomes of type D-personality, particularly among cardiac patients. However, the moderating effect of social inhibition has never been statistically examined in other populations. (111 men, 40 women) were recruited in 10 Dutch correctional institutions. The results showed that victims of aggression are more prone to develop Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms than non-victims, although this particularly applied to victims of peer aggression. Furthermore, an interaction effect was observed between inmate aggression and type D-personality. Finally, both peer aggression and type D-personality contributed to the development of PTSD," wrote M.J.J. Kunst and colleagues, Tilburg University (see also Post Traumatic Stress Disorder).
The researchers concluded: "The results were discussed together with recommendations for future research."
Kunst and colleagues published the results of their research in Stress and Health (Peer and inmate aggression, type D-personality and post-traumatic stress among Dutch prison workers. Stress and Health, 2009;25(5):387-395).
For additional information, contact M.J.J. Kunst, Tilburg University, Faculty Law, International Victimol Institute Tilburg, Room 901, Bldg M, POB 90153, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands.
The publisher of the journal Stress and Health can be contacted at: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 111 River St., Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA.